Two types of manage: Contractual control and you will process-control

150 150 Aljoša Domijan

Two types of manage: Contractual control and you will process-control

However, ministries you will think that brand new ministry–agency relatives seems into the the main–steward particular, described as mission congruence and you can mutual trust. Therefore, ministries might be anticipated to incorporate more relaxed manage, giving enterprises deeper independency. Trust and cooperation would be the working components to have reaching accountability. Alternatively, in the event your ministry–service relatives is much like the primary–agent variety of, the difficulty is much like an excellent “fox on the henhouse” (Davis mais aussi al., 1997 , p. 40). Because of insufficient control, the fresh new feeling regarding ministerial manage could be lowest, and you will regulators providers might act opportunistically and game the device.

Basically, the essential difference between principal–agent and you may prominent–steward relationship lays ‘s the standard of purpose congruence. The former was described as lower mission congruence and you may proneness so you’re able to low believe, due to the fact latter is actually described as higher mission congruence and you can a beneficial tendency toward highest faith. Whenever ministries get it done manage to hold authorities businesses guilty, the latest feeling off manage relies on the level of trust between the 2 entities. The principal need to think about the relationship with the fresh exec rather than design manage practices which can be decoupled regarding the services of the dating.


Results agreements comprise a significant part out-of doing overall performance government. Talking about quasi-contractual plans regularly address asymmetric guidance; they serve as devices to possess goal setting techniques, plans, and you may rewards linked to overall performance (Greve, 2000 ). The utilization of efficiency deals on the steering away from companies was a way for ministries to work out manage.

If for example the relationship is much like the main–steward type, there was a shared fit anywhere between handle means and relationship characteristics, plus the feeling out of handle is anticipated are higher

Brand new hiring literature distinguishes anywhere between over and relational agreements (Amirkhanyan, 2011 ; Amirkhanyan mais aussi al., 2010 ; Brownish ainsi que al., 2007 ). When ministries specify abilities deals, these types of contracts was very given or smaller given (Brownish mais aussi al., 2007 , p. 610). Offer criteria you’ll, hence, be considered a great continuum from bargain completeness, moving regarding smooth otherwise relational hiring which have couples direction means so you’re able to difficult or over employing in which all (otherwise possibly you’ll be able to) contingencies is protected and you can very given (Amirkhanyan, 2011 ; Greve, 2000 ; Majone, 2001 ).

The principal–broker design features featured conspicuously from the conversation into tough employing (Greve, 2000 , p. 155). Tough employing ways strong ministerial manage, hence, into the dominating–representative relationships, arguably enjoys an influential perception. From the specifying all the need in advance, more complete contracts you are going to beat an enthusiastic agency’s information advantage, mission ambiguity, and you can opportunistic conclusion (Baker Krawiec, 2006 ; Chun Rainey, 2005 ; Verhoest, 2005 ). Which have obvious objectives and needs lay by ministry, businesses will likely be held responsible because of their abilities and you will conformity with the newest ministry’s tastes. A rate offer is an effective device for control but only whether or not it simply leaves zero area to own shirking or drift. Company idea assumes on one into the a main–agent family members, abilities government possess a greater perception if ministries trust done hiring.

H1. If the ministry–agency relation looks to the the main–broker method of, efficiency government about steering regarding providers will receive a healthier effect when the ministries rely on over contracting.

Yet not, when the ministries assume that the ministry–service relation looks into the principal–steward form of, they could trust relational contracting, subjecting organizations so you can less limiting manage. A main–steward matchmaking are described as mission congruence and you can trust. Pierre and Peters ( 2017 ) refer to trust because the “the fresh cousin absence of efficiency control otherwise dimensions” (p. 163). Believe might play the role of a style away from manage and you will liability and you can serves as an alternative to a performance-founded control system (Van Dooren et al., 2015 , p. 213). While the believe anywhere between ministries and firms grows, ministries are required to help you “shed” results agreements into the brand new relational style of. Unlike specifying all terms and conditions in advance, relational contracts much more discover. He could be unfinished in the sense which they “don’t influence every regards to brand new arrangement in advance of the brand new execution” (Amirkhanyan mais aussi al., 2010 , p. 192). Ministries and you will providers may not acknowledge “detailed arrangements away from action, but to the standard prices” (Majone, 2001 , p. 116).


Aljoša Domijan

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